Dread of thepropertyless masses of the towns was all but universal. However, the depth in which the material is presented is something I am not familiar with. The things Hoover believed in--efficiency, enterprise, opportunity, individualism, substantial laissez-faire, personal success, material welfare--were all in the dominant American tradition.
In his approach Hofstadter refers to the framing of the Constitution in a much more cynical view then what is commonly taught. The next chapter focuses on the iconoclastic orator and presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan.
Turningto economic issues, it was not freedom of trade in the modern sense that the Fathers were striving for.
Calhoun opposed it and Lincoln defended it. Among those who favored the federal Constitution three such devices were distinguished. Having recently experienced a bitter revolutionary struggle withan external power beyond their control, they were in no mood to follow Hobbes to hisconclusion that any kind of government must be accepted in order to avert the anarchy andterror of a state of nature.
But what is government itself, but the greatest of all reflections on human nature? The American Founders were hostile to democracy, whereas Jefferson and Jackson strongly supported it.
Almost overnight his essential beliefs had become outlandish and unintelligible.
Because men havedifferent faculties and abilities, the Fathers believed, they acquire different amounts of property. The possession of moderate plots of property presumably gave thema sufficient stake in society to be safe and responsible citizens under the restraints of balancedgovernment.
Each element should begiven its own house of the legislature, and over both houses there should be set a capable,strong, and impartial executive armed with the veto power. To them a human being was an atom of self-interest. This split assembly would containwithin itself an organic check and would be capable of self-control under the governance of theexecutive.
But the Founding Fathers thought thatthe liberty with which they were most concerned was menaced by democracy. Madison,state the problem, came close to anticipating the modern threats to conservative republicanismfrom both communism and fascism: Gray Davis, caught between battles for health care and gun control; and Republican Texas Gov.
It assumes the natural state of mankind in a state of war, and that the carnal mind is at enmity with God. It is now more correct to say that it was not so much as having the people in mind, but more so, property.
Chapter seven centers on the late nineteenth century, particularly on the political figures during the so-called Gilded Age.
And yet there was another side to the picture. If men were angels, no government would be necessary ………In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: Men who have no propertylack the necessary stake in an orderly society to make stable or reliable citizens.
They aimed to create a government that would actas an honest broker among a variety of propertied interests, giving them all protection from theircommon enemies and preventing any one of them from becoming too powerful.
The first of these was the advantage of a federated government in maintaining orderagainst popular uprisings or majority rule. They believed in an inexorable view of a self-interested man. III It is ironical that the Constitution, which Americans venerate so deeply, is based upon apolitical theory that at one crucial point stand in direct antithesis to the main stream ofAmerican democratic faith.
The Conventionwas a fraternity of types of absentee ownership. And what will follow? Having seen humannature on display in the market place, the courtroom, the legislative chamber, and in everysecret path and alleyway where wealth and power are courted, they felt they knew it in all itsfrailty.
It is wrong in its major theses, informed by a really snide tone of self congratulation and, in celebrating the worst moment in the history of American governance the rise of the Social Welfare Statefails to reckon with the fundamental tension in American history indeed in all of human historythe ongoing struggle between the forces of freedom and the advocates of security.
All property should be permitted to have itsproportionate voice in government. However, the original intention of the Fathers to admit the yeoman into an importantbut sharply limited partnership in affairs of state could not be perfectly realized.Audrey Hofstadter Summary: The Founding Fathers: The Age of Realism Summary of Section: I The reasoning behind the Constitution of the United States is presented as 'based upon the philosophy of Hobbes and the religion of Calvin.
The Fathers, of course, were especially fearful that the poor would plunder the rich, but most of them would probably have admitted that the. The Founding Fathers: Audrey Hofstadter Summary: · The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made It by Richard Hofstadter - Chapter 1, The Founding Fathers: The Founding Fathers-An Age of Realism.
The Founding Fathers: Conservatism in the United States. Conservatism in the United States. Title: 'The Founding Fathers The Age Of Realism Essay Research Paper Hofstadter Summary The Founding Fathers The Age of Realism Summary of Section I The reasoning behind the Constitution of the United States is presented as based upon the Founding Fathers The Age Of Realism Essay Research PaperHofstadter Summary The Founding Fathers The Age of.
Audrey Hofstadter Summary: The Founding Fathers: The Age of Realism Essay - Audrey Hofstadter Summary: The Founding Fathers: The Age of Realism Summary of Section: I The reasoning behind the Constitution of the United States is presented as 'based upon the philosophy of Hobbes and the religion of Calvin.
Hofstadter later asks of Hoover: "Could he have seriously believed that free enterprise might be restored to the postwar world?" This is what we mean when we speak of hubris in Greek tragedy. It would be amusing if Hofstadter and his ilk had not proceeded to do so much harm with their abandonment of American values and traditions and their.Download